Ukraine uses the concept of resistance developed by the United States after the 2008 war in South Ossetia — CNN

Six months after the beginning of the Russian operation U.S. and European officials say that Ukraine successfully applied the method of resistance developed by the special operations forces US to confront Russia. This Operational concept of resistance (ACS), established in 2013 after Russia’s war with Georgia.

It is reported by CNN.

As writes the edition, the value of the philosophy in the West realized only after the annexation of Crimea in 2014. The West intensified the study of how to plan an all-out defense, which involved not only military but also the civilian population.

Special operation, which began in February, has become a testing ground AUX.

The concept offers innovative and unconventional approach to the conduct of war and total defense.

“From the point of view of the comprehensive protection of the authorities of Ukraine, all right. They use all resources, as well as some very unconventional means to undermine the armed forces of the Russian Federation”, — said Lieutenant-General retired mark Schwartz, who was the commander of special operations Command Europe during the development of doctrine.

In a series of recent bombings in the Crimea army Colonel retired Kevin stringer, who led the team concept of resistance, sees signs of use.

“Since you can’t do it the usual way, you have to use special operations forces, and these [forces] will require the support of the resistance — exploration, resources, logistics for access to these regions,” said stringer.

In the report of the Ukrainian government, which was in possession of CNN, admits that Ukraine was behind the attacks on Russian bases and ammunition depot. Attacks far behind enemy lines, held outside the reach of the weapons that the US and other countries sent to Ukraine, and the video of the explosions could not see any missiles or drones. Russia explained explosions sabotage.

“With high probability we can say that the principles of OKS operate well in real combat conditions,” said stringer.

In early April, the commander of the special operations Command of the U.S. General Richard Clarke said at a hearing in the Senate Committee on armed forces, USA in the last 18 months helped train resistance forces in Ukraine, assigned to the special forces. When asked if he had seen some success of this study in the current conflict, Clark replied in the affirmative.

In the beginning of the conflict, the Ukrainian government has created a website which explains the different methods of resistance. On the website describes how to use nonviolent action, including a boycott of events, strikes, humor and satire. The aim was to undermine the ability of the Pro-Russian authorities to manage. The doctrine of resistance also involves violent acts, including the use of Molotov cocktails and arson the deliberate addition of chemicals to tanks to destroy vehicles.

The doctrine also calls for a broad campaign messaging to control information about the conflict to prevent the spread of government and to maintain the unity of the population. Video Ukrainian attacks on Russian tanks, often accompanied by music, became viral, as the footage, in which Ukrainian soldiers saving stray animals. It also becomes part of the resistance, allowing Ukraine to generate headlines in the Western media to your advantage and often to humanize the Ukrainian military as it failed Russian.

At the forefront of the resistance is President Volodymyr Zelensky, his night live and frequent international appearances does not conflict disappear from the agenda.

A flurry of reports of the war provoked a wave of support from abroad and successfully increased the supply of Western governments of Ukraine more weapons and ammunition.

In General, the ACS provides a framework to improve the sustainability of the country, its ability to resist external pressure. There is no universal version of the doctrine — it adapts to each country depending on its capabilities and areas. It is not intended to create or support of the rebel movement; its aim is to create government-mandated forces that will carry out actions against foreign intervention to restore sovereignty.

After creating OKS only Estonia, Lithuania and Poland have expressed enthusiasm for her cause. But after the annexation of Crimea interest in the method has grown rapidly.

To date, 15 countries participated in some form of teaching this doctrine of resistance.